On the river banks kept in their natural state, small groves of willow trees (Salix alba, Salix fragilis, Salix purpurea, Salix petandra, Salix triandra etc.) The climate of the Danube Delta is continental, with strong influences from the vicinity of the Black Sea and its prevalent amphibian environment.  Its approximate surface area is 4,152 km2 (1,603 sq mi), of which 3,446 km2 (1,331 sq mi) is in Romania. As a result, the length of the Sulina arm was reduced from 92 to 64 km, and its flow more than doubled, thus making it suitable for large-vessel navigation. However, construction of a dense network of shallow channels in the delta over the same period attenuated the deficit on the delta plain but increased erosion along the coast The Danube Delta is a low alluvial plain, mostly covered by wetlands and water. More information... People also love these ideas Pinterest. Your email address will not be published. The rest of the population is scattered among 27 villages, of which only three, all situated marginally, had more than 500 people in 2002. These corrections, as well as the digging of various secondary channels throughout the body of the delta, have had a serious impact on the ecosystem. This place is alive! Nearby attractions include The Danube Delta Museum (1.0 km), Muzeul de Etnografie Si Arta Populara - Tulcea / Ethnographic and Folk Art Museum - Tulcea (0.9 km), and Tulcea Art Museum (0.9 km). At its mouth is located the main port and a single settlement with urban characteristics of the Romanian part of the delta. To be more specific, it is in the Tulcea county of Romania. The Danube Delta is perhaps the least inhabited region of temperate Europe. With the lagoons of Razim–Sinoe (1,015 km2 (392 sq mi) with 865 km2 (334 sq mi) water surface), located south of the main delta, the total area of the Danube Delta is 5,165 km2 (1,994 sq mi). Danube Delta has been recognized as one of the most important ecological destinations in Europe, supporting a huge number of rare flora and fauna. Carpathians (peaks) As a rule, the reed surrounds the lakes and ponds, and slowly invades the water surface. Start in Bucharest, then head to the Black Sea. The plaur are a mixture of reed roots, grass and soil, usually floating or anchored to the riverbed. Murighiol 5. They provide ideal spawning and nesting grounds. The Danube Delta had long been on my travel list. Distinctive to the region, but very rare as an ethnic entity, are the Lipovans, descendants of the Orthodox Old Rite followers who fled from religious persecution in Russia during the 18th century. Tulcea is a natural base for delta cruises, guided nature hikes and birdwatching. The maze of canals … Enisala castle 1. Fauna of this region include the meadow viper (Vipera ursinii), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), and Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo), etc. Occasionally, the willow trees form corridors along the arms and bigger channels of the Danube. The Danube Delta (Delta Dunării), included on Unesco’s World Heritage list, is one of Romania's leading attractions. Its acute isolation and harsh conditions of living, based mainly on subsistence, made the Danube Delta a place of emigration, or transit at least. Private day tour on the Danube Delta, departure from Tulcea port. Chilia, in the north, the longest, youngest, and most vigorous, with two secondary internal deltas and one microdelta in full process of formation at its mouth (to Ukraine).  The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea County), with a small part in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast). In 2004, Ukraine inaugurated work on the Bistroe Channel that would provide an additional navigable link from the Black Sea to the populous Ukrainian section of the Danube Delta. Very few of those born in the region stay there through adulthood; at the same time, the origins of its inhabitants vary widely, as people from many parts of Romania can be found in the delta. The northwest winds cause frequent storms in spring and autumn. On the levees of Letea and Caraorman, mixed forests of oak (Quercus robur, Quercus pedunculiflora) with various trees (Fraxinus pallisae, Ulmus foliacea, Populus tremula), shrubs (Prunus spinosa, Crataegus monogyna, Rosa canina, Berberis vulgaris etc. Danube Delta. [adsense]In a land where the landscape that is continuously changing, you really want to know where you’re going. Just in the last couple of years, a completely new island rose to surface just north of Sulina. Historically, in Romania, part of the Danube Delta was marked as a reserve in 1938. (From US$168.78) Private Day Trip To Danube Delta And Mila 23 Village From Bucharest (From US$187.54) In 1878, following the defeat of Ottoman Empire by Russia and Romania, the border between the two countries was set by the Kilia and Old Stambul Channels. The Danube Delta is an important refuge for many species of animals, mostly birds, being one of the richest areas in terms of biodiversity in Europe. Although the first modern agricultural exploitation dates from 1939 (Ostrovul Tãtaru), only after 1960 were large areas drained and converted, to the detriment of the wetlands. Evaporation is around 1,000 mm/year, amplified by strong and frequent winds, resulting in long periods of drought in the summer. The Danube Delta with its 3446 kmp is the bird's heath. (From USD 166.33) Private Day Trip To Danube Delta And Mila 23 Village From Bucharest (From USD 184.81) The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea county), while its northern … A land forever young, forever changing, the Danube Delta is a magic place, unique in Europe. Facts, News, Maps, Photos, Travel Information and Cruise Recommendations for a complete overview of the second longest river in Europe. The Razim–Sinoe lagoon complex is geologically and ecologically related to the delta proper and the combined territory is listed as a World Heritage Site. Danube Delta Private Day Tour from Bucharest (From $241.09) 4-Day Danube Delta Tour: Stay At the Fisherman's house (From $497.02) Trips Danube Delta with bout Camely (hidrobuz) departures from Tulcea port. The hotels will hand them out for free. The Danube branches into three main distributaries into the delta, Chilia, Sulina, and Sfântul Gheorghe (Saint George). See all nearby attractions. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării; Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, Del'ta Dunaju) is the second largest delta in Europe, after the Volga Delta, and is the best preserved on the continent . Iordachi, Constantin, Van Assche, Kristof (2014) The Bio-Politics of the Danube Delta. can still be found, mixed with white poplar (Populus alba). Recorded history notes that the Dacians lived in the Danube Delta before it was conquered by the Romans. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. On the map you easily locate the available hotels near to a touristic attraction from Danube Delta. Although the locals that will take you to places know these canals better than they know their children, you still want to have at least an idea of where you are. A good map is indispensible when you want to make the most of your Danube Delta holiday. In 1991, the Romanian part of the Danube Delta became part of UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. The East Asian raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides), bizam/introduced muskrat (Ondatra zibethica), and to some extent South American nutria (Myocastor coypus), are recent species that have successfully adapted. The most important are the tufted duck (Aythya fuligula), red-crested pochard (Netta rufina), mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), greylag goose (Anser anser), pygmy cormorant (Microcarbo pygmeus), purple heron (Ardea purpurea), great white egret (Egretta alba), little egret (Egretta garzetta), Eurasian spoonbill(Platalea leucorodia), great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus), Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus), mute swan (Cygnus olor), and glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus). During the 15th century, the Danube Delta became part of the Ottoman Empire. Danube Delta Map - Tourist Map of hotels and tourist attractions of Danube Delta, Romania. At present, the delta suffers from a large sediment deficit, after the construction of dams on the Danube and its tributaries in the later half of the 20th century. The Danube delta covers an area of some 1,660 square miles (4,300 square km) and is a comparatively young formation. Vegetation of this ecosystem consists of the common reed (Phragmites communis) and, on near river banks, mace reed/cattail (Typha latifolia, Typha angustifolia), sedge (Carex dioica, Carex stricta), Dutch rush (Scirpus radicans, Schoenoplectus lacustris), and brook mint (Mentha aquatica), etc. The Danube Delta is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Dobruja, in the far eastern corner of Romania, at the border with Ukraine. Many people opt for Danube River Cruise to visit the Delta area, but I’d recommend something else. Danube Delta (Romania) – Environmentally-sensitive tourism With a length of 2,850 kilometres, the Danube is the second-longest river in Europe (after the Volga with 3,688 kilometres). A recent and welcomed newcomer is the pheasant (Phasianus colchicus). The Treaty of Paris of 1856, which ended the Crimean War, assigned the Danube Delta to the Ottoman Empire and established an international commission which undertook a series of works to help navigation. This environment includes the lakes, and various ponds, streamlets and channels. Danube Delta Private Day Tour from Bucharest (From USD 237.58) 4-Day Danube Delta Tour: Stay At the Fisherman's house (From USD 489.80) Trips Danube Delta with bout Camely (hidrobuz) departures from Tulcea port. Sfântul Gheorghe (Saint George in English), in the south, is the oldest and most sparsely populated. Just before reaching the sea it forms the second largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas: 2,200 square miles of rivers, canals, marshes, tree-fringed lakes and reed islands. Discover the past of Danube Delta on historical maps. The regime had plans to transform the delta into a large agro-industrial zone. Images&Info Comments. No Comments on Danube Delta Map; A good map is indispensible when you want to make the most of your Danube Delta holiday. Sulina channel 2. You can zoom in and click on those pelicans to find out more about each location. This map was created by a user. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării, pronounced [ˈdelta ˈdunərij] (listen); Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, romanized: Deľta Dunaju, pronounced [delʲˈtɑ dʊnɐˈju]) is the second largest river delta in Europe, after the Volga Delta, and is the best preserved on the continent. The Delta is on the flyway between central and eastern Europe and the Mediterranean and Middle East and Africa. Several other internal lobes were constructed in the lakes and lagoons bordering the Danube Delta to the north (Chilia I and II) and toward the south (Dunavatz). Natural environments have been altered, the breeding pattern of fish has been disrupted, and the flows in the main arms have increased, with serious consequences regarding the discharge of alluvia and the erosion of banks. In 1991 agricultural land in the delta surpassed 100,000 hectares, and more than a third of its surface has been affected by crop cultivation, forest plantation, or pisciculture. Sulina 3. Large-scale works began in the Danube Delta as early as the second half of the 19th century. Of the fish, the most important are Tench (Tinca tinca), common bream (Abramis brama), common rudd (Scardinius erythropthalmus), Prussian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio), wels catfish (Silurus glanis), European perch (Perca fluviatilis), and northern pike (Esox lucius). Here you can admire the sight of migrating bird colonies and the rare oak, ash and alder forests hidden among sand dunes and vast expanses of water. What and where is the Danube Delta. Where is the Danube Delta & How to Reach If you see the map of Romania, the absolute east part is where the Danube River forms its delta. The Danube delta hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes. Its alluvium has led to the creation, beginning in 1897, of the Sacalin Islands, which today measure 19 km in length. Go bird watching, try your hand at catching one of the more than 200 species … The waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black Sea, form the largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas. However, because of the negative impact which this new channel might have on the fragile ecosystem of the delta, the European Union advised Ukraine to shut down the works. ), and vines (Vitis sylvestris, Hedera helix, Humulus lupulus, Periploca graeca, which reaches up to 25m) grow on sand dune areas. Coverage also includes the Main-Donau Canal to Schwabach, the Neckar River to Stuttgart, the Chiemsee, the Neusiedler See, Lake Balaton, the Sava River, the Danube-Black Sea Canal, the Danube Delta and the Black Sea coast from the Delta to Varna, Bulgaria. Between the aquatic and terrestrial environments is interposed a swampy, easily flooded strip of original flora and fauna, with means of adaptation to water or land, depending on the season or hydrological regime. It flows into the Black Sea on the borders of Romania and the Ukraine in a fan-shaped delta with a … Just in the last couple of years, a completely new island rose to surface just north of Sulina. Sfantu Gheorghe (Saint George) 2. Beautiful Shots of Pelicans in Danube Delta and Greece, The last five posts on the Romanian version of the site.  On the Romanian side live about 20,000 people, of whom 4,600 live in the port of Sulina, which gives an average density of approx. The largest lakes are lakes Dranov (21.7 km2), Roșu (14.5 km2) and Gorgova (13.8 km2). The mighty Danube River flows 1,788 miles from its springs in Germany's Black Forest to the Black Sea. From Mapcarta, the free map. Under the presidency of Kuchma, Ukraine had responded that Romania was only afraid of the competition that the new channel would bring, and continued working on the channel. Detailed coverage of the Danube River in its entirety. About 6,500 years ago the delta site was a shallow cove of the Black Sea coast, but it was gradually filled by river-borne silt; the delta continues to grow seaward at the rate of 80 to 100 feet (24 to 30 metres) annually. Romania - 1938 - old map - antique map - vintage map - Romania maps: Topographic Maps - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases Musura Gulf, north of Sulina, and Saint George Gulf are considered the most representative of this type of ecosystem. winter here. Dunes on the most extensive strand plains of the delta (Letea and Caraorman strand plains) stand higher (12.4 m and 7 m respectively). two inhabitants per km2. In 1998, under UNESCO's Programme on Man and the Biosphere, the 6,264.03 km2 of the Danube Delta were established as a biosphere reserve, shared by Romania and Ukraine. This delta is known to have formed some 10.000 years ago and is still growing at a phenomenal rate. The entire delta covers an area of 4152 Km2, of which 3446 km2 is present in Romania. There are around 20,000 people living in the Delta, out of which almost 75% live in remote villages, making the average … In the interior of the delta, the continental character of the climate is very pronounced. Mila 23 Green Village The last two branches form the Tulcea channel, which continues as a single body for several kilometers after the separation from the Chilia. Upon filling the bay with sediment, the delta advanced outside this barrier-blocked estuary after 3500 BCE, building several successive lobes: the St. George I (3500–1600 BCE), the Sulina (1600–0 BCE), the St. George II (0 BC–present) and the Chilia or Kilia (1600 CE–present). Buy DANUBE DELTA map. Because of the alluvium deposited at its mouth, a channel gradually advancing into the sea (presently it has 10 km) was built in order to protect navigation. Images&Info Panorama. Travelers can spend three or more days exploring its passages, teaming with the highest concentration of bird colonies in all of Europe. Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Administration (Rezervatia Biosferei Delta Dunarii - ARBDD) Address: Str. Crisan 4. It is an environment rich in plankton, worms, molluscs, grubs, and sponges, with numerous species of fish, such as the carp, pike, pike perch, sheat-fish, and freshwater sturgeons (sterlet, Vyza and Danube mackerel).  Geologist Liviu Giosan told The New York Times: Probably 40 percent of the Delta was built in the last 1000 years. The Tourist Information Centre provides maps, brochures and information on accommodations and restaurants in Tulcea as well as trips to the Danube Delta. Danube Delta. Probably the Last Natural Paradise In Europe, For a nice presentation of the Danube Delta and of some of the traditional dishes, check out the, Get Ready to do Windsurfing in Danube Delta. Correcting the six large meanders on its course thereby reduced the length of the Sfântu Gheorghe from 108 to 108 km, and its flow also increased somewhat. Your email address will not be published. • Danube Delta - Danube Delta map, travel, photos, videos and reviews in Danube Delta Romania Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 Danube Map. Other people living in the delta include ethnic minorities such as Greeks, Turks and Bulgarians (in 1992). On the Ukrainian side, located at the northern edge of the delta, the town of Izmail has a population of 85,000, Kiliya a population of 21,800, and Vilkovo, the main center of the Lipovan community, a population of 9,300. Both these increases were made to the detriment of the Chilia arm, which at present remains the most unspoiled arm of the main three. Spend three relaxing days in Sfântu Gheorghe on the Danube River Delta, where the views are stunning and the biodiversity is rich.  First corrections of the Sulina arm began in 1862, and they continued throughout the 20th century. Danube Delta Private Day Tour from Bucharest (From US$241.09) 4-Day Danube Delta Tour: Stay At the Fisherman's house (From US$497.02) Trips Danube Delta with bout Camely (hidrobuz) departures from Tulcea port. Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, Danube Delta - UNESCO World Heritage Centre, "Comments From Ancient Deforestation, a Delta Is Born", "Early Anthropogenic Transformation of the Danube-Black Sea System", http://www.whoi.edu/news-release/maintaining_deltas, Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains, Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe, National Conservation Areas of Nature in Ukraine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Danube_Delta&oldid=996574773, Protected areas of the Pontic–Caspian steppe, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 12:27. Sunset in Danube Delta 3. Below I set up a map that will help you get a better image of the Danube Delta. Map of Danube Delta: Birds. There are over 320 species of birds found in the delta during summer, of which 166 are hatching species and 159 are migratory.  Much of the alluvium in the delta and major expansion of its surface area in the form of lobes resulted from soil erosion associated with the clearing of forests in the Danube basin during the 1st and 2nd millennium. Also here you can find offers for all the hotels in Danube Delta for your desired period and you can continue with the reservation and online payment. On the Letea levee, these exotic-looking forests grow especially in the depressions between the sand dunes, in small groves called hasmace. How To Visit The Danube Delta Romania With Discover Danube Delta The Danube Delta is located in the far-east of Romania and is the best preserved of Europe’s deltas where over half of the Delta Biosphere Reserve is completely intact. In 1812, following the Russo-Turkish War, the borders of the Ottoman and Russian Empires were set by the Kilia and Old Stambul Channels of the Danube, and in 1829 by the St George Channel. Reed plants and floating reed islands (called plaur in Romania) are the most common and well known components of the Danube Delta. A sandy barrier blocked the Danube bay where the river initially built its delta. It is also the major site for two threatened species, the … As a result of these changes, along with the increasing pollution and eutrophication of the waters of the Danube, and decades of exploitation and poor fishing regulations, the fish population has been visibly reduced. Required fields are marked *. It is characterized by a rich floating and submerse flora (Myriophyllum, Ceratophyllum, Vallisneria etc., under the water; Nymphaea alba, Nuphar lutea, Trapa natans, Alisma plantago etc., floating plants with roots near the lakes' borders; and Salvinia natans, Stratiotes aloides, Spirogyra etc., floating plants without roots, having negative effect for aquatic bioproductivity). Portului 34 A, Tulcea Telephone: 0240 518.945 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.ddbra.ro Islands, A series of articles on control of the Danube, in chronological order. Once you get here, you’ll find Danube Delta maps on paper at every corner. The firm land of the delta used to be covered with large groves of willow trees, which have been cut down almost entirely and replaced with Canadian poplars. The total population has remained more or less constant throughout the 20th century; there were 12,000 inhabitants in the 1890s, and 14,000 before the Second World War. At the mouths of each channel gradual formation of new land takes place, as the delta continues to expand. Danube Delta Resort Crisan Village 827060 Danube Delta Tulcea, Crisan (Tulcea), Romania View on map 10.7 mi from Danube-Delta Tulcea 10.7 mi from City Center Offering setting in an eastern part of Crisan, the accommodation features 28 rooms and arranges canoeing, water skiing and archery for guests. When viewed from above, a delta commonly has a fan-shaped veiny appearance and forms when rivers split over low-lying land, into several distributaries, before emptying into another body of water, such as an ocean or lake. After later invasion by the Goths, the region changed hands many times. 1. Some can include stays on a floating hotel, to thoroughly immerse you in wetland nature and the relaxing pace of life on the Danube. Around 2,733 km2 of the delta are strictly protected areas. Tulcea Chilea Valcov Sulina. It consists of an intricate pattern of marshes, channels, streamlets and lakes. Explore Danube Delta holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. The Danube delta hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes. As a young region in full process of consolidation, the Danube Delta represents a very favourable place for the development of highly diverse flora and fauna, unique[clarification needed] in Europe, with numerous rare species. Over one million individual birds (swans, wild ducks, coots, etc.) In Ukraine, the Danube branch of the Black Sea State Reserve was established in 1973. The average altitude is 0.52 m, with 20% of the territory below sea level, and more than half not exceeding one meter in altitude. In the long run, Ukraine plans to build a navigation channel, if not through Bistroe Channel, then through another channel. It hosts 23 natural ecosystems, but due to the extent of wetlands an aquatic environment is prevalent; a terrestrial environment is also present on the higher grounds of the continental levees, where xerophile ecosystems have developed. Sulina, the central and thus the shortest arm, which consequently led to its extensive use for traffic and severe transformation. Providing food and nesting conditions in the vast expanse of reeds here reach millions of birds in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean. The modern Danube Delta began to form after 4000 BCE in a bay of the Black Sea when the sea rose to its present level. Plains & Delta The mean annual temperature is 11 °C (−1 °C in January and 22 °C in July), with mean precipitation between 400 mm/year and 300 mm/year, decreasing from west to east. Under the presidency of Yuschenko, who visited Romania in 2005, both sides agree that professionals should decide the fate of the channel. Situated on major migratory routes, and providing adequate conditions for nesting and hatching, the Danube Delta is a magnet for birds from six major ecoregions of the world, including the Mongolian, Arctic and Siberian. Among the mammals, there is the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), European mink (Mustela lutreola), little ermine (Mustela erminea aestiva), wild boar (Sus scrofa), and wild cat (Felis silvestris), in winter the European hare (Lepus europaeus) and, on the brink of disappearing from the delta, the wolf and the fox. In 1981, it was reorganized into the Natural Reserve "Danube Fluxes", and in 1998, it was extended into the Danube biosphere reserve. The city of Tulcea, at the western edge of the delta, has a population of 92,000 (in 2002); it represents the node of the region and the gate to the delta. 1/3 rd part of Tulcea is the Danube Delta Area. [adsense]In a land where the landscape that is continuously changing, you really want to know where you’re going. The Danube Delta is the largest continuous marshland in Europe and a critical site for bird conservation. It seemed so far removed from the other parts of Romania and a place I could go to for a relaxing holiday, work a little on my laptop, and chill out in one of the most beautiful places in Romania. Giosan et al., 2006, Young Danube delta documents stable Black Sea level since the middle Holocene: Morphodynamic, paleogeographic, and archaeological implications. Ibis Tours (ibis-tours.ro) fulfils all three with eco-conscious multi-day programmes led by wildlife experts. Giosan et al., 2009, Early Anthropogenic Transformation of the Danube-Black Sea System. This type of ecosystem is noted for its variety and large population of birds, some of them very rare. Reed was intensively harvested during the Communist era. The Danube Delta is a wildlife enthusiast's (especially a bird watcher's) paradise. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării pronounced [ˈdelta ˈdunərij]; Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, romanized: Del'ta Dunayu) is the largest river delta in the European Union. ... European Map European Countries Danube River Cruise Danube Delta Bratislava Travel Information Byzantine Czech Republic Oceans. Old maps of Danube Delta on Old Maps Online. The Danube Delta falls within the Pannonian steppe ecosystem of eastern Europe, with Mediterranean influences. At the contact between freshwater and sea water, some special physical, chemical and biological processes take place, which have led biologists to consider this area as a very different ecosystem called beforedelta. Danube Delta Map - Northern Dobruja, Romania - … This comprises the arms of the Danube, and a series of its more important streamlets and channels. Romanians account for approximately 80% of the population, and Ukrainians for 10%. Follow the route of the River Danube from Germany to the Black Sea. 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