Melted lead, bubbling and boiling with the heat, was poured down the backs of others, and they were roasted in the most sensitive parts of the body. 1. 4. Neither did he throw down the church buildings, nor devise anything else against us. And yet their mouths were restrained, I know not how, by a divine and incomprehensible power, and they ran back again to their place. And those who placed him on the pyre were not permitted to desist until, after such sufferings, he should assent to the things commanded. Various Discourses by the Assembled Bishops; also by Eusebius, the Writer of this History. Constantine (Orat. For, she said, that to surrender their souls to the slavery of demons was worse than all deaths and destruction; and she set before them the only deliverance from all these things — escape to Christ. Among these we must mention Pamphilus, a presbyter, who was the great glory of the parish of Cæsarea, and among the men of our time most admirable. 12. This period produced divine and illustrious martyrs, above all whose praises have ever been sung and who have been celebrated for courage, whether among Greeks or barbarians, in the person of Dorotheus and the servants that were with him in the palace. It was wonderful how akin he was in wickedness to the tyrant at Rome, or rather how far he surpassed him in it. 13. Click anywhere in the Sometimes more than ten, at other times above twenty were put to death. 3. 16. And, moreover, such an explanation at best could account for only one of the fires. The ecclesiastical history of Eusebius Pamphilus, bishop of Cesarea, in Palestine Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. 3. An indescribable multitude of worms sprang from them, and a deathly odor arose, as the entire bulk of his body had, through his gluttony, been changed, before his sickness, into an excessive mass of soft fat, which became putrid, and thus presented an awful and intolerable sight to those who came near. 6. 2. The fact that Constantine feels it necessary to invent such an explanation gives the occurrence a still more auspicious look, and one not altogether favorable to the Christians. 3. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. Women were bound by one foot and raised aloft in the air by machines, and with their bodies altogether bare and uncovered, presented to all beholders this most shameful, cruel, and inhuman spectacle. Oulton. 11. It would be impossible to describe the outrages and tortures which the martyrs in Thebais endured. And when they were dragged away for corrupt purposes, they surrendered their lives to death rather than their bodies to impurity. Since great envy was excited on their account, every means was used to find them in their concealment; and when it was ascertained that they were away, they were summoned deceitfully to Antioch. Then truly a great many rulers of the churches eagerly endured terrible sufferings, and furnished examples of noble conflicts. From this time on he distressed and harassed, not one city or country, but all the provinces under his authority, by extreme exactions of gold and silver and goods, and most grievous prosecutions and various fines. And by her deeds, more powerfully than by any words, she has shown to all men now and hereafter that the virtue which prevails among Christians is the only invincible and indestructible possession. 5. All ten books of Eusebius' famous church history are presented here complete in a superb and authoritative translation. 1. Again you might have seen others, for they were five in all, cast before a wild bull, who tossed into the air with his horns those who approached from the outside, and mangled them, leaving them to be token up half dead; but when he rushed with rage and threatening upon the holy martyrs, who were standing alone, he was unable to come near them; but though he stamped with his feet, and pushed in all directions with his horns, and breathed rage and threatening on account of the irritation of the burning irons, he was, nevertheless, held back by the sacred Providence. Oulton. options are on the right side and top of the page. Books. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. And the women were not less manly than the men in behalf of the teaching of the Divine Word, as they endured conflicts with the men, and bore away equal prizes of virtue. The end of his life was happy and thrice blessed. At Nicomedia, in the presence of the emperor, he proclaimed the heavenly kingdom of Christ, first in an oral defense, and afterwards by deeds as well. As will be seen from note 3, below, I interpret the document in quite another way, and regard it as a not inconsistent statement of the whole matter from Galerius' own point of view.}-->. For his only hope was that, by these means, victory would be secured to him. 10. But Eusebius’s chief fame rests on the Ecclesiastical History, or History of the Christian Church, published in 324–325 in ten books—the most important ecclesiastical history of ancient times and a great treasury of knowledge about the early Church. Lawlor. Another protested that he had not sacrificed and never would. 1. Finally, after these terrible and various attacks upon them, they were all slain with the sword; and instead of being buried in the earth they were committed to the waves of the sea. 3. Then those who were highest in the government, and had held the position ten or twenty years, passed their time in tranquil peace, in festivals and public games and most joyful pleasures and cheer. Of those after them, the last, of whom we have spoken as the originator of the entire persecution, suffered such things as we have related. Eusebius of Caesarea ~ 340 AD CHURCH HISTORY :Index. Source. He alone at death left his empire happily and gloriously to his own son as his successor, one who was in all respects most prudent and pious. He was the kindest and mildest of emperors, and the only one of those of our day that passed all the time of his government in a manner worthy of his office. It is possible, as Mason suggests, that in the copies of the edict which were designed for other parts of the empire than his own the names of all four emperors appeared. It is beyond our ability to describe in a suitable manner the extent and nature of the glory and freedom with which the word of piety toward the God of the universe, proclaimed to the world through Christ, was honored among all men, both Greeks and barbarians, before the persecution in our day. And yet others were crucified; some according to the method commonly employed for malefactors; others yet more cruelly, being nailed to the cross with their heads downward, and being kept alive until they perished on the cross with hunger. Such an one was that Dorotheus, the most devoted and faithful to them of all, and on this account especially honored by them among those who held the most honorable offices and governments. H.J. And as other decrees followed the first, directing that those in prison if they would sacrifice should be permitted to depart in freedom, but that those who refused should be harassed with many tortures, how could any one, again, number the multitude of martyrs in every province, and especially of those in Africa, and Mauritania, and Thebais, and Egypt? And in his divinations he cut open pregnant women, and again inspected the bowels of newborn infants. But this was not due to any human agency; nor was it the result, as one might say, of the compassion or philanthropy of our rulers — far from it, for daily from the beginning until that time they were devising more and more severe measures against us, and continually inventing outrages by a greater variety of instruments — but it was manifestly due to the oversight of Divine Providence, on the one hand becoming reconciled to his people, and on the other, attacking him who instigated these evils, and showing anger toward him as the author of the cruelties of the entire persecution. Download Eusebius the Church History Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. 9. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 416 pages and is available in Hardcover format. The limbs of some were broken, as in Cappadocia. For when he passed on to others, he left officers under his authority to watch the first, and observe if any of them, overcome by the tortures, appeared to yield. Why need we revive the recollection of those in Antioch who were roasted on grates, not so as to kill them, but so as to subject them to a lingering punishment? Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History, Vol 1-2. Contact information. For a long time the man-devouring beasts did not dare to touch or draw near the bodies of those dear to God, but rushed upon the others who from the outside irritated and urged them on. They then listened to her advice. Others were raised aloft, suspended from the porch by one hand, and endured the most terrible suffering of all, through the distension of their joints and limbs. He slaughtered lions, and performed various execrable acts to invoke demons and avert war. He suffered no one to surpass him in debauchery and profligacy, but made himself an instructor in wickedness to those about him, both rulers and subjects. And as the first wild beast did nothing, a second and a third were let loose against one and the same martyr. A vast multitude were imprisoned in every place; and the prisons everywhere, which had long before been prepared for murderers and robbers of graves, were filled with bishops, presbyters and deacons, readers and exorcists, so that room was no longer left in them for those condemned for crimes. For it is said, 'He that sacrifices to other gods shall be utterly destroyed,' Exodus 22:20 and, 'You shall have no other gods before me.' For an abscess suddenly appeared in the midst of the secret parts of his body, and from it a deeply perforated sore, which spread irresistibly into his inmost bowels. 1. 2. For they knew what had been declared before by the Sacred Scriptures. He alone at death left his empire happily and gloriously to his own son as his successor — one who was in all respects most prudent and pious. Free download or read online Eusebius: The Church History pdf (ePUB) book. These indeed were wonderful; but yet more wonderful were those who, being distinguished for wealth, noble birth, and honor, and for learning and philosophy, held everything secondary to the true religion and to faith in our Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ. One only of those who were seized for adulterous purposes by the tyrant, a most distinguished and illustrious Christian woman in Alexandria, conquered the passionate and intemperate soul of Maximinus by most heroic firmness. Click anywhere in the When we had issued this decree that they should return to the institutions established by the ancients, a great many submitted under danger, but a great many being harassed endured all kinds of death. But not long after, as persons in the country called Melitene, and others throughout Syria, attempted to usurp the government, a royal edict directed that the rulers of the churches everywhere should be thrown into prison and bonds. But this man, first in that place, after distinguishing himself in such a manner suffered those things which were likely to follow such daring, and kept his spirit cheerful and undisturbed till death. He has shortened the days of his time, and besides all, has poured out shame upon him. H.J. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Of the martyrs in Phœnicia the most distinguished were those devoted pastors of the spiritual flocks of Christ: Tyrannion, bishop of the church of Tyre; Zenobius, a presbyter of the church at Sidon; and Silvanus, bishop of the churches about Emesa. Book Ten and as early as 313, while Book Ten could have been written as late at 316. But they were struck in the mouth and silenced by a large band of soldiers who were drawn up for this purpose; and they were smitten on the face and cheeks and driven away by force; so important did the enemies of piety regard it, by any means, to seem to have accomplished their purpose. J.E.L. This continued for a long time, and occasioned no little wonder to the spectators. Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History is one of the classics of early Christianity and of equal stature with the works of Flavius Josephus. 4. Who that saw them was not astonished at the numberless stripes, and at the firmness which these truly wonderful athletes of religion exhibited under them? 5. 11. A certain holy person, — in soul admirable for virtue, in body a woman — who was illustrious beyond all in Antioch for wealth and family and reputation, had brought up in the principles of religion her two daughters, who were now in the freshness and bloom of life. 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