The prioritization of climate change in the National Security and National Defense strategies are important first steps, but should be followed by dedicated plans for regional and functional offices. No region of the world will be left unaffected. Read More. It is also manifestly unjust. And they are continuing to admit twice of our emissions, and we're not going to solve climate change without them reducing dramatically or us reducing dramatically.”. October 25, 2018 July 17, 2019. Since at least 2005, there have been numerous congressional resolutions that have either acknowledged the threat, expressed a commitment to addressing it, or proposed solutions. And no security professional would wait until they had 100% certainty before acting to mitigate a threat, It will act as an “Accelerant of Instability” or a “Threat Multiplier” that makes already existing problems worse, America’s infrastructure, food production, transportation network, and American lives are at risk, The U.S. military is working with allies, studying potential threats, ensuring resilience to extreme weather, and preparing to deploy when needed, Rising seas and increased extreme weather will harm readiness and increase costs, To reduce climate risk, the U.S. government, and governments around the world, must take immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Framing Climate Change as a “National Security Priority” Isn’t a Clever Maneuver to Get People to Care — It’s a Centrist Co-option Strategy to Bloat the Budgets of ICE and the Pentagon For the intelligence community, strategic analysis of shifting routes, travel and operations in the Arctic Sea region is necessary, said David Titley, professor, International Affairs and professor, Practice, Department of Meteorology, and director, Center for Solutions to Weather and Climate Risk, Pennsylvania State University. American Competitiveness & Economic Diplomacy, IPCC Report Shows Climate Change Risk is Real and Urgent, The Scientific Consensus for Man-Made Climate Change, Major News Outlets Report on Link between Extreme Weather and Climate Change, Linking Climate Change and Conflict – New Report Stirs Old Debate, Op-Ed: Climate Change Threatens America’s National Security, Climate change, the rise of ISIS, and What “Causes” Terrorism, Climate Change Threatens South Asian Stability, Peace, Stability, and Climate Security Across the Pacific, National Security, Climate, and the Philippine Typhoon. But you can also look at both the Faroe Islands and Iceland, which can be a terminus and potentially a bridge.”. Climate change is a pressing risk to national and global security. At the top of the list is the immense strain that responding to climatological events puts on the Pentagon’s resources. The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review labeled climate change as a "threat multiplier," meaning the stressors already present around the world ("poverty, environmental degradation, political instability, and social tensions") will likely be amplified and worsened by the introduction of climate impacts. The American Security Project has discussed the threats of climate change with audiences around the nation. The report stated, "Climate change and energy are two key issues that will play a significant role in shaping the future security environment," noting that "climate change, energy security, and economic stability are inextricably linked." Two new climate change assessments—the 2018 Fourth National Climate Assessment (“NCA”) and the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Special Report on Climate Change— prominently highlight climate change’s multifaceted national security risks. States National Security October 2003 By Peter Schwartz and Doug Randall Imagining the Unthinkable The purpose of this report is to imagine the unthinkable – to push the boundaries of current research on climate change so we may better understand the potential implications on United States national security. Climate change is definitely affecting all of those aspects.”, Sikorsky advised the intelligence community to consider the interdependence of the world when conducting analysis about climate change. “It is because it affects your mission today, that is your installations, your readiness and that is today's operations. Climate Science is Clear: the Earth is Warming Scientists agree that humans are causing climate change. Retired Navy rear admiral calls extreme weather a national security threat. Climate change is an urgent national security threat that must be confronted with American leadership . “Very rarely is a climate issue the sole driver behind a security threat,” she offered. The report recommends "quickly reducing and … In this episode the team explore the implications of climate change for national security, and how the defence establishment is incorporating environmental concerns into its military planning. Also climate actions to adapt and mitigate impacts can have a negative effect on human … Stavridis says global climate change, which is causing the polar cap melt, has an especially “pernicious” effect on national security because it is hard to see and often occurs over time. It argues for national security strategies to take a much clearer, preventive line in addressing the catastrophic risk posed by climate disruption. We must treat it that way – and confront it head on, through leadership abroad and resolve at home – if we are to meet the challenge. The House Intelligence Committee held a hearing on the implications of climate change on national security. © AFCEA International, 4114 Legato Rd Ste 1000, Fairfax, Virginia, 22033. 94–113. The goal was to review current climate science, discuss the potential impacts of climate change on national security, detail what actions to mitigate these impacts are underway, and brainstorm about research and policies that are needed to address the challenge. And while the Air Force released in July its first-ever Arctic strategy to expand the presence needed to deter missile and other threats in the high north, “we need to have more ability to operate at the surface,” she said. “We are absolutely under-capitalized in icebreakers,” she said. Fact Sheet – Will China's Future be Cleaner? Everything you need to know about climate change and how it threatens national security: Scientists agree that humans are causing climate change. In another sign that the Department of Defense (DoD) is prioritizing climate security risks, the annual Inspector General (IG) summary of the Department’s top management challenges explicitly discusses climate change and extreme weather events. Credit: Shutterstock/Sepp Photography Near-peer adversaries are looking to take advantage in the Arctic region, enabling by ice melt and thinning due to climate change. “We have an icebreaker gap, and not only that, but one of our two aging icebreakers had a fire onboard this summer, so the annual mission was cut short. In addition, incoming National Security Advisor, Jake Sullivan, and Director of National Intelligence, Avril Haines, have previously highlighted the complex challenges posed by climate change in their statements and … Decisions may well determine whether it is possible to keep global temperatures from rising more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels. Mr. Rojansky began by framing the issue of climate change in the context of national security, discussing how they relate to each other through issues such as energy security, migration pressures, failed states, homeland security and the United States’ international reputation as a world leader. The human security framework helps international, national and local actors to better coordinate responses to climate change. Topic: Climate Change and National Security For centuries the United States Military has addressed the many challenges of national security, from fighting for the foundation of America in the Revolutionary war, to the containment of terrorism and Islamic extremism in recent years, but now global climate change presents a new and very different type of challenge to national security. Climate change has emerged as a security challenge that knows no borders. Trump's Defense Secretary Cites Climate Change as National Security Challenge. The Center for Climate and Security, the leading institution focused on the issue, has identified climate change as a severe-to-catastrophic threat to international security in the 21st century, should emissione trajectories not be reduced considerably and quickly. As climate change deepens poverty and food insecurity, the United States will continue to see a rise in the number of people seeking asylum. © AFCEA International, 4114 Legato Rd Ste 1000, Fairfax, Virginia, 22033. 2020 Intelligence & National Security Summit. The House Intelligence Committee held a hearing on the implications of climate change on national security. Climate impacts make the homeland more vulnerable, while also threatening American interests abroad. While there are many national security challenges facing the nation and the world, climate change is an aptly described “ super wicked ” problem that exacerbates and accelerates already existing threats. This reflects a mature acknowledgment that climate change serves as both a “threat multiplier” and “catalyst for conflict” that requires integration across national security planning. Climate change as a national security issue In her response, Malini Mehra states that the continued framing of climate change as an environmental issue is a contributing reason for it getting short shrift in terms of policy attention. We see the indirect, compounding effects impacting even highly-developed counties for decades to come #intelsummit20 @INSAlliance @AFCEA pic.twitter.com/6CjqbYyWVm, “We need to understand how to measure resilience in other countries,” she emphasized. 2020 Intelligence and National Security Summit. Climate change will affect access to water, food, and energy — each of which is linked to conflict risk and national security through different channels — as well as patterns and prevalence of infectious disease, the frequency and scale of humanitarian crises, and human migration patterns. As it does, Americans are rapidly witnessing the climatization of security… This memorandum establishes a framework and directs Federal departments and agencies (agencies) to perform certain functions to ensure that climate change-related impacts are … Could the Syrian Conflict be a Symptom of Climate Change? Naval Forces (Washington: National Academies Press, 2011), pp. Risk to the U.S. military and the nation abound from direct and indirect weather impacts as well as from near-peer adversary actions. And no security professional would wait until they had 100% certainty before acting to mitigate a threat. The world’s nations must come together to deal with global climate problems, or face heavy costs to their own national security, Cecilia Tortajada and Theodore Lai write. Climate-related security risks have far-reaching implications for the way the world manages peace and security. Climate change poses security risks, according to decades of intelligence reports: Intelligence analysts have agreed since the late 80s that climate change poses serious security risks. Climate change presents a serious threat to the security and prosperity of the United States and other countries. Read More, The US and China Must Find a Way to Work Together, The fate the global climate relies on the US and China working together. Climate change and the damage it inflicts have profound implications to national security, experts say. Already, near-peer adversaries, including China and Russia, are capitalizing on climate change, experts say. On the domestic front, the U.S. military increasingly has had to confront substantial direct impacts from climate change, Conger continued. By Dr. Marc Kodack. As President Bush noted in his 2007 State of the Union speech, dependence on foreign oil leaves us more vulnerable to hos-tile regimes and terrorists, and clean domestic Why are they exerting influence over the fish supplies in the South China Sea? 7 minutes Share Tweet Email Print. This book provides a careful guide to how climate change will affect specific countries and geographical regions. When evaluating risks of climate change to national security, intelligence analysts should leverage the expertise across the U.S. government as well as accurately measure how countries manage climate risk, Sikorsky advised. The twin global emergencies of COVID-19 and climate change are forcing the U.S. foreign policy establishment to reassess its traditional conceptions of national security. (April 8, 2019). In this episode of Intelligence Matters, host Michael Morell interviews author and environmentalist Bill McKibben about the national security implications of climate change… climate change is inevitable, strategies that go beyond long-run efforts to rein in greenhouse gas emissions are required. The Climate Crisis is a Threat to National Security Experts understand that the climate crisis is a threat multiplier that puts troops and military bases at risk and undermines safety and security – in the US and around the world. Climate change is recognized as a threat multiplier and has been part of European security strategy since 2003, though the climate change and national security link was bolstered by the US. 26 National Research Council, National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. And our icebreakers have to serve Antarctica as well as the Arctic because they provide assistance to the Antarctic science mission. Erin Sikorsky, National Intelligence Council @ODNI_NIC: the intel community has warned of the national security risks of climate since 1996. Read More, ASP's John Kerry and Chuck Hagel in the Washington Post, On Monday, John Kerry and Chuck Hagel published an op-ed in the Washington Post regarding President Trump’s action to officially begin the process to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris agreement on climate change. The first in a series on renewing US-China Climate Action Read More, Perspective – Arctic Climate Change: Implications for U.S. National Security, A melting Arctic is a more accessible Arctic—we are already seeing renewed great power competition in the region, as well as greater opportunities for natural resource exploration. Leaders need to be aware of how climate change is affecting the United States and other nations, how countries will handle the impacts, and how that might change the geopolitics and power balance across the world. While China has reduced its carbon intensity, a measure of emissions per unit of GDP, net carbon emissions have continued to rise. Climate change, national security, and energy dependence are a related set of global challenges. Purpose. Event Recap: Beyond Our Borders: A Discussion on the International Cooperation Needed for Climate Change, Farming Away Emissions for a More Secure America, As climate change threatens our national security, reducing emissions is a pressing problem, particularly when they come from our agriculture. Russia, which is increasing its operations in the Arctic Sea, has 40 ice breaker vessels, many of which are nuclear powered, a big contrast to the United States’ infrastructure, said Goodman. Climate change ranks among the most pressing and consequential security threats of our time. Read More, Building Caribbean Resilience with Fossil Fuel Revenues, The Caribbean is being hammered by extreme weather. China, meanwhile, is posturing itself to be able to not only survive climate change but also dominate in a world weakened by its impacts, Conger emphasized. And so, we in the intelligence community need to understand and think about that.”. The document observes that climate change will lead to new conflicts over refugees and resources; new suffering from drought and famine; catastrophic natural disasters; and the degradation of land across the globe. The House Intelligence Committee held a hearing on the implications of climate change on national security. Titley; Sherri Goodman of the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program and Polar Institute, and former deputy undersecretary of defense, environmental security; John Conger, director, The Center for Climate and Security; Erin Sikorsky, deputy director, Strategic Futures Group, National Intelligence Council (NIC); and moderator Greg Treverton, professor, practice of international relations and spatial sciences, University of Southern California, discussed the risks of climate change to national security during a panel session of the 2020 Intelligence and National Security Summit. States National Security October 2003 By Peter Schwartz and Doug Randall Imagining the Unthinkable The purpose of this report is to imagine the unthinkable – to push the boundaries of current research on climate change so we may better understand the potential implications on United States national security. DOD's six … Read More. The second volume of the Fourth National Climate Assessment was released by the White House last Friday. Global Warming Makes Solving the 21st Century’s Problems Much Harder, Bay of Bengal – A Hotspot for Climate Insecurity, Climate Change: The Missing Link in Tackling the Mali Crisis, A Clear and Present Danger: The Security Council and Climate Change, Climate Security Report: Climate Change & Global Security, Climate Change, The Arab Spring and Food Prices, Climate Change and Food insecurity Threatens Stability in Developing Countries, Climate Security Report: Climate Change & the Homeland, Resilience in the Face of Rising Seas: Regional Approaches to Sea Level Rise, ASP & Lloyd’s Risk Forum: Pathways to City Resilience, Protecting the Homeland – The Rising Costs of Inaction on Climate Change, Climate Change’s Threats to the United States – Lessons from the Netherlands, Pay Now, Pay Later: A State-by-State Assessment of the Costs of Climate Change, National Defense Strategy: Climate Change in the Age of Great Power Competition, Congress and President Affirm Climate Change Threatens Security – Asks for Military to Prepare, The Global Security Defense Index on Climate Change, Hagel Announces Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap, QDR – The National Security Challenge of Climate Change, The Arctic – Five Critical Security Challenges, Military Engagement on Climate Strengthens Ties in Asia. 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