“He also said,” said one, “that he had wives enough to whip the United States.”, “With our help,” Smith said. GCSE History American West (Edexcel) I'm a Mormon, AMA! A flock of buzzards is perched just down the trail, almost as if, by chance, age-old events might repeat to their benefit. That path passed through Salt Lake City, whose residents viewed the Fancher outfit with suspicion and fear. Near Fillmore, in central Utah, the Fanchers bartered with a Ute band, reportedly trading them tainted beef that sickened several Indians. “He said the troops wouldn’t get to Salt Lake City, but goods and cattle would come.” Smith’s men laughed. Eastern papers accused Secretary of War Floyd of profiteering on the expedition. Nights on the rolling eastern upslope of the Great Divide had turned cool with fall. Eldredge tells stories at a bleak spot called the "Camp of Death," where a race for survival began for U.S. soldiers harassed by Mormon militia during the so-called "Utah War" of 1857-58. War can be as much political construct as military exercise, and in July 1857 U.S. President James Buchanan needed political ammunition. At Young’s request, Kane petitioned Buchanan, asking to mediate the conflict. The Mormon War Sunday, March 1, 1857 The Mormon War, otherwise known as the Utah War or Mormon Rebellion, describes the violence surrounding an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers in Utah Territory and the U.S. Army, which lasts from March 1857 to July 1858. Mormons regarded Indians as descendants of a tribe of Israel, and after initial conflict had amicable relations with the Utes, Shoshone, and other natives. That fall, hundreds of Daniel Wells’s militiamen built stone breastworks along Echo Canyon, a natural bottleneck on the trail 40 miles east of Salt Lake City. Bettmann/Getty Images. At the territorial offices in Salt Lake City, Cumming discovered that the Mormons had not destroyed federal records but simply “secured” them against falsification. The Utah War, also known as the Utah Expedition, Utah Campaign, Buchanan's Blunder, the Mormon War, or the Mormon Rebellion was an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers in the Utah Territory and the armed forces of the United States government. Johnston, accompanied by Territorial Governor Cumming and two federal judges, caught up with his command. In 1886, defending his property near Tuba City, Arizona, he was killed by renegade Indians. Then, in 1857, natives from the Paiute tribe slaughtered a wagon train headed West to California. When President James Buchanan decided to flex federal muscle against Utah Territory and ‘the Mormon problem,’ he ignited a full rebellion that, before … Lot Smith and his raiders were crisscrossing the Continental Divide, capturing Army supply trains, stampeding cattle, wrecking river crossings, and torching the countryside. Utah, which was settled by the Mormans (Latter-day Saints) in the mid-1840s, was declared a US territory in 1850, and Brigham Young (1801-77), a Mormon leader was appointed governor. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. Thousands of “Saints” had journeyed 15 miles up the dogleg canyon to escape the valley heat and enjoy Silver Lake’s pine and aspen groves. The Mormon Rebellion: America's First Civil War, 1857-1858 | David L. Bigler, Will Bagley | ISBN: 9780806143156 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Young said to let the travelers be, but his orders arrived too late. In early September, Captain Van Vliet reached Salt Lake City to find the town on a war footing. A muscular response to polygamy might quell secessionist talk in the south and propitiate Buchanan’s northern allies. Social and religious conflict between Mormons and non-Mormons continued to influence the life of the city for a century. He found the Saints peculiar but hardly savages. “You won’t have horses,” Smith said, smiling. From 1857 to 1858, President James Buchanan sent U.S. forces to the Utah Territory, in what became known as the Utah Expedition. “And send The Utah War, 1857–1858, was a costly, disruptive and unnecessary confrontation between the Mormon people in Utah Territory and the government and Army of the United States. From May 1857 to July 1858, the Utah Expedition, otherwise known as Utah War, Utah Campaign, Buchanan's Blunder, Mormon War, or Mormon Rebellion, was a result of President Buchanan’s decision to replace Governor Brigham Young with Governor Alfred Cumming. Young was not surprised. The unmistakable sound of a rifle being cocked startled the men at the cookfire. “You boys go ahead and finish your supper,” the redhead said. Buchanan, fearing his over-extended, ill-conceived expedition might lose to the Mormons, agreed. A doubtful Young invited the officer to a conference that Sunday at which Young’s blistering oratory cataloged Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston’s U.S. Army force had not even reached Utah Territory and already the federals had lost most of their provisions, including 500 gallons of whiskey. News of the stalled expedition galvanized opinion across the country against President Buchanan for sending an ill-advised army into the field. Diverting the creek, they forced the road against 200-foot canyon walls and loosened limestone boulders, ready to topple onto the foe. “Send him, then,” Young said. It was too hard to split, too wet to burn, and too heavy to move, so we plowed around it. The driver sat down. Utah War (1857-58) References. We stopped to feed and dine at the site of "General" Well's Camp during the Mormon War of 1857-8, and passed, ten miles below, the fortifications constructed under his orders in that famous campaign.  Saved by Microsoft Bing. The Fanchers responded by raiding gardens and setting their cattle loose in Mormon fields. Federal officials complained of Young's dictatorial ways and the power of the church, while others were shocked at the Mormons' practice of polygamy. They reached Salt Lake City as the Saints were leaving town. From the darkness, two dozen rifle barrels jutted into view. The Mormons had a friend in U.S. Army Colonel Thomas Kane, an ally during painful times in Missouri and Illinois. Anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant sentiment was gripping the country and national politics revolved around slavery. 1838 Mormon War) mit den alten Siedlern aus Missouri kam. Within the hour, Young once again was asking his friend Daniel Wells who should lead that force. With white men among the raiding party, they convinced the settlers that Mormons cut a deal with the Paiutes to allow their safe passage, so long as they gave up their weapons. Other articles where Utah War is discussed: Salt Lake City: History: officials led to the so-called Utah War of 1857–58, when General Albert Sidney Johnston’s troops marched through the city to establish Camp Floyd west of Utah Lake. When a Mormon band plundered and burned the Taylor home, one young Mormon, Benjamin F Johnson, argued his fellow vigilantes into leaving a horse for a pregnant Mrs Taylor and her children to ride to safety. The Presidency feared the Mormon community would not accept a non-Mormon governor, resulting in the suspension of mail to Utah and … In a telegram, President Lincoln asked Young to “raise and equip one hundred men for ninety days’ service” to protect the lines in Wyoming. Every able-bodied man was mustered into the militia. At Camp Floyd, however, the Army bartered for milk, eggs, fish, and wheat from Mormons, infusing the local economy with cash, clothing, utensils, and tea, all scarce in Utah. Anderson, Richard L., Clarifications of Bogg's 'Order' and Joseph Smith's Constitutionalism, Church History Regional Studies, Missouri, ed. The Mormon Rebellion: America's First Civil War, 1857… As they marched 40 miles south to Camp Floyd, the outpost they had established, the well-provisioned soldiers jeered at returning Saints, who were facing starvation because they had missed spring planting season. Mormon War Of 1857 - Bing Images. Young, hearing of their distress, helpfully sent a wagonload of salt. Young had declared Utah Territory unsafe for non-Mormons, or “gentiles,” and most skirted his domain. Mormon Historians Shed Light On Sept. 11, 1857 Three historians working with church records have published an official Mormon account of a 151-year-old incident that remains a … Van Vliet met Colonel Alexander and the federal army on the western slope of the Great Divide. The Mormons, fearful that the large U.S. military force had been sent to annihilate them, made preparations for defense. Until September 1857, the Mormons had been the victims of violence more than its purveyors. In Utah, Alfred Cumming was governor, but Young effectively ruled. 3. Tensions built up between the rapidly-growing Mormon co… On September 11, at a place called Mountain Meadows near modern day Cedar City, Indians and Mormons set upon the Fancher party, murdering 120 men, women, and children. “Let’s move out, boys. The Utes stalked the party, stealing livestock. Tensions between followers of the Latter Day Saint movement (Mormons) and Protestant Americans had simmered for two decades, including intense conflicts in the 1838 Mormon War (otherwise known as the Missouri Mormon War, involving David Rice Atchison as a militia general and resulting in the death of the movement's founder, Joseph Smith Jr.) and the 1844-1846 Illinois Mormon War (resulting in the Mormon Exodus to Utah Territory under the leadership of Brigham Young). Once the men turned in their rifles, they were all slaughtered: men, women, and children. In March 1858, recalling how during the Crimean War in 1854 the Russians had threatened to destroy Sevastopol if Britain and allies attacked the port, Young suggested to the Saints that they torch Salt Lake City if federals entered the valley. He told Young the approaching army was merely escorting new federal officials. 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